Victoria’s bushfire prone areas are subject to or are likely to be subject to bushfires. They make up most of the State of Victoria.

Building construction and planning controls apply to developments in designated bushfire prone areas.  They aim to improve bushfire protection for residential buildings and other sensitive land uses.

More information about building construction controls in the building system

More about planning controls in the planning scheme

Find out if a property is in a designated bushfire prone area

Drawing showing a house with driveway and shed in a rural setting with some trees and hills behind

Note: When buying or selling property, section 32C of the Sale of Land Act 1962 requires a vendor statement to state if the land is in a designated Bushfire Prone Area. For more information, consult the Consumer Affairs Victoria website.

Bushfire Prone Area map

Designated bushfire prone areas are shown on the Bushfire Prone Area Map. The BPA Map was introduced in response to the recommendations made by the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission. The Minister for Planning makes a formal determination to designate Bushfire Prone Areas under section 192A of the Building Act 1993. This determination is based on a detailed review process.

An area is designated as a bushfire prone area based on its Bushfire Hazard Level. This is an indicator of how extreme a bushfire can be, based on landscape conditions. Bushfire Hazard Levels can be different across areas.

More about the mapping process:

Bushfire Prone Area map reviews

The department has committed to work with local councils, emergency services and other key stakeholders to ensure the map is accurate and as up to date as possible. The map is reviewed twice a year.

It was last reviewed and updated on 6 July 2021.

The 15 councils updated in the 6 July review were:

Ballarat, Baw Baw, Cardinia, Casey, East Gippsland, Hobsons Bay, Hume, Latrobe, Macedon Ranges, Melton, Mitchell, Murrindindi, Wellington, Whittlesea and Wyndham.

More about recent and future updates:

Review stages and approximate timing
Open review

8 July - 30 July 2021 (3 weeks)

Developers and councils identify areas for review of the BPA mapping. This should be where development is happening, and the bushfire hazard has been removed.

2 August - 6 August  2021 (1 week)

Collate, prepare for site visits.

Site visits

8 November - 3 December 2021 (4 weeks)

Unless the bushfire hazard is removed before site visits, the BPA will not be removed by this review.

Note: Site visits planned for 9 August - 3 September 2021 paused due to Covid. Revised timetable.

Consultation to conclusion

6 December 2021 - 22 March 2022 (15 weeks)

Prepare draft maps for consultation.

Note: Consultation with councils and fire authorities can vary from 4 - 8 weeks depending on availability for comment, for example if it is the bushfire season.

Consider comment, consult further if required, prepare final maps and documentation, approval, gazettal, updated map online and in VicPlan.

More information

Frequently Asked Questions for lot owners in a Bushfire Prone Area (PDF, 316.4 KB) or (DOCX, 653.8 KB)
Answers questions such as how to find out the BAL or apply for a modification.

Further information about building in a Bushfire Prone Area can be found at the 
Victorian Building Authority.

The Bushfire Prone Area spatial data can be downloaded from the 
Victorian Government Data Directory.

Copies of the Building Act and Building Regulations are available from Victorian Legislation.

You can purchase a copy of Australian Standard AS 3959-2009 from SAI Global.

Contact us

Email enquiries to:

Page last updated: 26/10/21