On this page, you will find information about building in bushfire prone areas, including the minimum construction standard for buildings in a bushfire prone area. You will also find links to interactive maps so you can find out if your property is in a bushfire prone area, and information about areas currently under review.
What are Bushfire Prone Areas?
Bushfire Prone Areas are areas that are subject to or likely to be subject to bushfires.
The Minister for Planning has determined that specific areas are designated Bushfire Prone Areas for the purposes of the building control system.
Designated bushfire prone areas
Specific bushfire construction standards apply in designated bushfire prone areas in Victoria. These bushfire construction requirements are aimed at improving bushfire protection for residential buildings. The creation of the Bushfire Prone Area Map fulfils one of the 67 recommendations made by the Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission.
The Bushfire Prone Area Map for Victoria was reviewed and updated on 16 October 2018.
The 17 councils updated in the 16 October 2018 review are:
Ballarat, Banyule, Bass Coast, Baw Baw, Cardinia, Casey, Greater Geelong, Hume, Macedon Ranges, Melton, Mitchell, Moorabool, Strathbogie, Wangaratta, Whittlesea, Wyndham and Yarra Ranges.
View the Determination (DOCX, 23.8 KB) that Specified Areas are Designated Bushfire Prone Areas, Version incorporating amendments as at 16 October 2018.
Bushfire Prone Area Report
Section 32C of the Sale of Land Act 1962 requires a vendor statement to state if the land is in a designated Bushfire Prone Area. For more information, consult the Consumer Affairs Victoria website.
The status of land relative to designated bushfire prone areas is shown at the end of the free Planning Property Report. Click on a property in VicPlan and a Planning Property Report option will be presented.
The report includes:
- property details
- Bushfire Prone Area status
- a map showing the extent of the designated bushfire prone areas relative to the property.
Bushfire Prone Area interactive map
The location of designated Bushfire Prone Areas in Victoria can be viewed on our free interactive map service.
This service allows you to:
- navigate to an area of interest by using simple navigation tools
- enter address or location details to find a specific area of land
- obtain a Bushfire Prone Area Report
- produce a custom map or print for later viewing.
Minimum construction standard
A minimum construction standard applies to new residential buildings, schools, child care centres, hospitals, aged care facilities and associated buildings in designated Bushfire Prone Areas. Landowners are required to build to a minimum Bushfire Attack Level of 12.5.
A Bushfire Attack Level (BAL) is a way of measuring the severity of a building's potential exposure to ember attack, radiant heat and direct flame contact.
There are six Bushfire Attack Levels that form part of the Australian Standard for construction of buildings in bushfire prone areas (AS 3959-2009):
- BAL-FZ (Flame Zone).
Bushfire Prone Area Map reviews
The Department has committed to working with local councils, emergency services and other key stakeholders to ensure the map is as accurate and up-to-date as possible. A set of criteria has been established in relation to the mapping:
You can also view an historical listing of municipalities, gazette dates and current plan numbers for the Bushfire Prone Areas.
Sites being assessed in the current review
The link below shows you the sites being assessed in the current review for possible changes to the BPA mapping.
It will continue to show the sites assessed until approximately six weeks after conclusion of the review, and until sites for the next review are identified.
- Further information about building in a Bushfire Prone Area can be found at the Victorian Building Authority.
- The Bushfire Prone Area spatial data can be downloaded from the Victorian Government Data Directory.
- Copies of the Building Act and Building Regulations are available from www.legislation.vic.gov.au.
- You can purchase a copy of Australian Standard AS 3959-2009 from SAI Global http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/.
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